Annapurna, or the Annapurna Massif, is a massif within the Himalayas. It is also one of the highest mountains in the world.
Why Is It Famous?
The massif is famous for its elevation. It stands 8,091 meters above sea level, making it the 10th highest mountain in the world. Historically, this massif’s peaks are some of the most dangerous to climb in the world.
In recent years, however, Kangchenjunga surpassed Annapurna’s fatality rate.
Annapurna is in north-central Nepal. The western edge of the massif is the Kali Gandaki Gorge while to the east and north is the Marshyangdi River, and the south is the Pokhara Valley. The western end of Annapurna has the Annapurna Sanctuary, a high basin.
The Annapurna Massif includes multiple peaks, with the highest one earning it the reputation as one of the highest mountains in the world. In addition to the 8,091-meter peak, it has 13 peaks that are taller than 7,000 meters and 16 that are over 6,000 meters. The entire massif spans 55 kilometers in length. The tallest point of the massif is called Annapurna I Main.
The massif and its surrounding area make up the Annapurna Conservation Area, which is Nepal’s first and biggest conservation area. The summit of Annapurna features limestone rocks that were formed in a warm ocean. This is a reminder of how the mountains came to be.
Events in Time
Annapurna I Main was the first mountain over 8,000 meters to be climbed successfully, with a French expedition making it to the summit in 1950. Annapurna is also the only 8,000-meter mountain that was climbed successfully on the first try. The climbers of that first expedition even made it without any bottled oxygen, although they did require toe amputations afterward due to frostbite and gangrene.
Annapurna is a massif that includes Annapurna I Main, one of the highest and deadliest mountains in the world.