The Chocolate Hills in the Philippines are a unique geological formation that attracts both tourists and geologists.
Why Is It Famous?
The fame of the Chocolate Hills comes mainly from the hills’ appearance and number. There are at least 1,260 of these hills, although there may be up to 1,776, in an area of over 50 square kilometers.
The hills all have the same smooth shape and chocolatey brown color during the dry season. The hills are famous enough to appear on the Bohol province’s flag and seal. They are also among the country’s National Geological Monuments.
The Chocolate Hills are in the Philippine’s Bohol province. The hills are specifically in the municipalities of Batuan, Sagbayan, and Carmen. There are also lower concentrations of the hills in Valencia, Bullones, Sierra, and Bilar.
The Chocolate Hills are mostly conical and symmetrical in shape. They are made of limestone that is covered in grass during most of the year. During the dry season, the grass does not grow, leading to the brown color. Between the hills are areas for cash crops like rice. Unfortunately, there are also quarrying activities, which threaten the hills’ natural vegetation.
The hills are karst hills of a conical shape, and they are similar to the karst hills found in other limestone regions around the world. The limestone in the Chocolate Hills contains an abundance of fossils. Geologists classify the hills as cockpit karst, created by limestone dissolved by rainfall, groundwater, and surface water. This, combined with subaerial erosion from streams and rivers after tectonic processes in the area, lifted them. You will find plains, springs, and caves between the hills.
Events in Time
There are several legends regarding how the Chocolate Hills formed. One indicates two giants had a fight and threw rocks and boulders at each other before becoming friends. There is also a romantic legend that says the hills are the tears of a giant who fell in love with a mortal who then died.
The Chocolate Hills look like rows of chocolate drops during the dry season, making these limestone karst formations a popular destination.