All About Northern Lake Baikal, Russia

Northern Lake Baikal is a Russian lake with gorgeous turquoise waters, thanks to its giant shards of ice that are transparent.

This lake is the deepest in the world and is very large.

Why Is It Famous?

The combination of depth and appearance leads to the fame of Northern Lake Baikal. It is also the planet’s largest freshwater lake, with around 22-23 percent of all the freshwater on the planet. It is also the world’s oldest lake, giving it yet another claim to fame.

What’s Nearby?

This rift lake sits in southern Siberia, with the Buryat Republic in the southeast and Irkutsk Oblast in the northwest.

Geological Description

Experts agree that Northern Lake Baikal is the world’s oldest lake as it is more than 25 million years old. The lake also has a diverse ecosystem with over 2,000 types of fauna and flora, including 1,600 that are endemic to it. This is a rift lake, meaning its creation goes back to a rift valley with a crescent shape. The Baikal Rift Zone created it, and it has a seismically active fault zone.

The lake contains 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,670 cubic miles) of freshwater. Its reputation as the deepest lake in the world comes from its depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet). In terms of surface area, it is the seventh biggest lake.

The lake also has incredibly clear water that is among the clearest in the world. During the winter, the lake freezes and transparent ice forms along its surface, creating the illusion of ice that is turquoise.

Events in Time

Buryat tribes live on the eastern edge of the lake, where they raise horses, sheep, camels, goats, and cattle. UNESCO declared Northern Lake Baikal a World Heritage Site in 1996.

In Conclusion

Famous for its gorgeous turquoise ice and status as the biggest source of freshwater in the world and the world’s deepest lake, Northern Lake Baikal is 25 to 30 million years old.